First Report

  1. Adams, R. B., & Ferreira, D. (2009). Women in the boardroom and their impact on governance and performance. Journal of financial economics, 94(2), 291-309.
  2. Ahern, K. R., & Dittmar, A. K. (2012). The changing of the boards: The impact on firm valuation of mandated female board representation. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 127(1), 137-197.
  3. Bertrand, M and Black,S, et al, (2019). ‘Breaking the Glass Ceiling? The Effect of Board Quotas on Female Labour Market Outcomes in Norway’, The Review of Economic Studies, Volume 86, Issue 1, 191–239.
  4. Bloomberg (2018). Top 10 things everyone should know about women consumers. Retrieved from:
  5. Bloomberg (2018). Blackrock is sick of excuses for corporate boards lacking women. Retrieved from:
  6. Brown, D., Brown, D. L., & Anastasopoulos, V. (2002). Women on boards: Not just the right thing… but the”bright” thing. Ottawa: Conference Board of Canada.
  7. Davies, M. (2011). Women on Boards. Retrieved from:
  8. Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) Wochenbericht Managerinnen Barometer 2018. Retrieved from:
  9. Executive & Board Resourcing Code (2019). 30% Club Ireland and Ibec. Retrieved from:
  10. Fondas, N. & Sassalos, S. (2000). A Different Voice in the Boardroom: How the Presence of Women Directors Affects Board. Influence over Management. Global Focus, 12, 13-22.
  11. Glass Lewis & Co (2019). Policy Guidelines. Retrieved from:
  12. Institutional Shareholder Services (2018). ISS proposes update to its board gender diversity policy. Retrieved from:
  13. Ismail, K., Abdullah, S. N., & Nachum, L. (2013). Women on boards of directors of Malaysia firms: Impact on market and accounting performance. Academy of Management Global Proceedings, Aomafr-2012.
  14. Kanter, R. M. (1977). Men and Women of the Corporation. New York: Basic Books.
  15. Kim, D., & Starks, L. T. (2016). Gender diversity on corporate boards: Do women contribute unique skills? American Economic Review, 106(5), 267-71.
  16. Konrad, A. M., Kramer, V., & Erkut, S. (2008). The impact of three or more women on corporate boards. Organizational dynamics, 37(2), 145-164.
  17. Maznevski, M. L. (1994). Understanding our differences: Performance in decision-making groups with diverse members. Human relations, 47(5), 531-552.
  18. McKinsey & Company (2011). Changing companies minds about women. Retrieved from:
  19. McKinsey & Company (2018). Delivering through Diversity. Hunt, V., Prince, S., Dixon-Fyle, S., & Yee, L.
  20. McKinsey & Company (2018). Women in the workplace: The uneven playing field. Retrieved from:
  21. Lagarde, C. (2019). A Global Imperative: Empowering women is critical for the world’s economy and people. Finance and Development 56(1). Retrieved from:
  22. Morgan Stanley Research (2016). The Gender Advantage: Integrating Gender Diversity into Investment Decision. Retrieved from:
  23. National Women’s Council of Ireland (2016). Better Boards, Better Business, Better Society. Retrieved from:
  24. Seierstad, C & Huse, M. (2017). ‘Gender Quotas on Corporate Boards in Norway: Ten Years Later and Lessons Learned’, in: Gender Diversity in the Boardroom, 11-45
  25. State Street Global Advisors (2018). More than 300 companies have added female directors. Retrieved from:
  26. Vigeo Eiris (2018). Gender diversity in corporate senior management: glass ceiling yet to be cracked. Retrieved from:
  27. Vinnicombe, S., Dolder, E., Sealy, R. (2018). The Female FTSE Board Report 2018. Busy Going Nowhere with the Female Executive Pipeline. Prepared by: Cranfield International Centre For Women Leaders.
  28. Wahid, A. S. (2018). The effects and the mechanisms of board gender diversity: Evidence from financial manipulation. Journal of Business Ethics, 1-21.
  29. European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), Gender Statistics Database. Retrieved from:

Second Report

  1. Aviva Investors (2018). Voting with Conviction. Retrieved from:
  2. Bank of America Merrill Lynch (2018). Women: the X-Factor. Retrieved from:
  3. EY Center for Board Matters (2019). Five Takeaways from the 2019 Proxy Season. Retrieved from:
  4. Heidrick & Struggles (2019). Board Monitor Europe. Retrieved from:
  5. Institute of Chartered Secretaries & Administrators (ICSA) (2019). A View at the Top: Boardroom Trends in Britain’s Top 100 Companies. Retrieved from:
  6. Institute of Chartered Secretaries & Administrators (ICSA) and Diligent Corporation (2019). Building a Balanced Board: Thoughts on the Challenges of Board Composition. Retrieved from:
  7. Institute of Directors in Ireland (2019). Diversity in the Boardroom
  8. ISS Inc (2018). Director Skills: Diversity of Thought and Experience in the Boardroom. Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation. Retrieved from:
  9. ISS Inc (2018). Women in the C-Suite: The Next Frontier in Gender Diversity. Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation. Retrieved from:
  10. Kim, D., & Starks, L.T. (2016). Gender Diversity on Corporate Boards: Do Women Contribute Unique Skills? American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings, 106 (5): 267-71.
  11. Kim, D., & Starks, L.T. (2015). Board Heterogeneity of Expertise and Firm Performance. Unpublished.
  12. King, E. & Jones, K. (2016). Why Subtle Bias Is So Often Worse than Blatant Discrimination. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from:
  13. KPMG (2019). The Numbers That Are Changing The World. Retrieved from:
  14. Legal & General Investment Management (2018). Commitment to Gender Diversity. Retrieved from:
  15. MSCI ESG Research, Morgan Ellis, Meggin Thwing Eastman (2018). Women on Boards. Retrieved from:
  16. S&P Global Market Intelligence (2019). Sandberg, D.J. When Women Lead, Firms Win. Retrieved from:

Additional Resources

  1. Research on girls’ ambitions, aspirations and interest in leadership roles, prepared for Countess Markievicz Conference November 2019
  2. Executive & Board Resourcing Code
  3. UK Hampton-Alexander reports